Africas Big 5


Leopard – Elephant – Lion – Buffalo – Rhino

A sighting of one of these five incredible African animals can change your life forever.

The Big Five was traditionally used as a hunting term to describe the five most dangerous animals in Africa to hunt. Their reputation has spilled over into the tourism industry and now elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard and rhino remain the most sought after species to see on the continent.

But they’re not really the most dangerous animals in Africa. In fact, the two species that kill the most people are not even part of the Big Five; they are the tiny mosquito and the lazy hippo. Out of the Big Five, the black rhino is the hardest to find by far, with the leopard coming in at second place.

  Leopard (Panthera pardus)

This nocturnal predator is the second largest of Africa’s large Cats.

Leopard (Panthera pardus)


African Elephant or African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

The Elephant is the world’s largest land mammal, and weighs up to 7 tonnes and reaches heights of 3.3 m at the shoulder.

Elephant - Loxodonta africana
African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana)


Lion (Panthera leo)

Lions are large felines that are traditionally depicted as the “king of the jungle.”

Lion - Panthera leo
Lion (Panthera leo)


African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer)

A large and powerful bovine, the African Buffalo reaches shoulder heights of up to 1.5 m and a mass of 750 kg.

Cape Bufallo - Syncerus caffer
Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer)


Rhinoceros White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum) Black Rhino (Diceros bircornis)

Rhinoceroses are large, herbivorous mammals identified by their characteristic horned snouts

White Rhinoceros - Ceratotherium simum
Rhino (Ceratotherium simum) Black Rhino (Diceros bircornis)


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Africas Big 5
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